Journal of Vascular Surgery

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Incidence, natural course, and outcome of type II endoleaks in infrarenal endovascular aneurysm repair based on the ENGAGE registry data

August 20, 2019 - 00:00
The purpose of this study was to report the incidence, natural history, and outcome of type II endoleaks in the largest prospective real-world cohort to date.

Impact of secondary interventions on mortality after fenestrated branched endovascular aortic aneurysm repair

August 13, 2019 - 00:00
Fenestrated and branched endovascular aortic repair (F/BEVAR) is increasingly used to manage pararenal and thoracoabdominal aortic disease (TAAA). Device-related reintervention after F/BEVAR is common, but little is known about its impact on postoperative mortality. The purpose of this analysis was to describe secondary intervention (SI) after F/BEVAR and determine the impact of these procedures on patient survival.

Last neurologic event is associated with risk of in-hospital stroke or death after carotid endarterectomy or carotid artery stenting: Secondary data analysis of the German statutory quality assurance database

August 12, 2019 - 00:00
We sought to analyze the association between last neurologic event and the risk of stroke or death among patients treated with carotid endarterectomy (CEA) or carotid artery stenting (CAS) under routine conditions in Germany.

Nationwide trends in drug-coated balloon and drug-eluting stent utilization in the femoropopliteal arteries

August 9, 2019 - 00:00
Drug-coated balloons (DCB) and drug-eluting stents (DES) have significantly altered treatment paradigms for femoropopliteal lesions. We aimed to describe changes in practice patterns as a result of the infusion of these technologies into the treatment of peripheral arterial disease.

The incidence and risk factors of stent fracture in patients treated for proximal common carotid artery stenosis

August 9, 2019 - 00:00
Our aim was to identify the incidence of and predictors for common carotid artery (CCA) stent fractures (SFs) and to examine the effect of SFs on the development of in-stent restenosis (ISR).

Migration and sac expansion as modes of midterm therapeutic failure after endovascular aneurysm sealing: 295 cases at a single center

August 9, 2019 - 00:00
Endovascular aneurysm sealing (EVAS) is a disruptive technology to treat abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). The use of sac filling rather than endograft fixation was designed to treat aortic aneurysms in a wide range of morphologic appearances and to reduce endoleaks. There are few data reporting outcomes beyond postoperative follow-up. This study reports outcomes up to 5 years for Nellix (Endologix, Irvine, Calif) EVAS.

Congenital superior mesenteric artery aneurysm in a 6-week-old infant presenting with upper gastrointestinal bleeding

August 7, 2019 - 00:00
Visceral artery aneurysms are rare in infants and children. The majority of cases are caused by genetic syndromes, trauma, or infection. Although the majority of aneurysms are asymptomatic, visceral artery aneurysms can present with abdominal pain, nausea/vomiting, or rupture. Aneurysm rupture can manifest as hemodynamic instability and/or gastrointestinal bleeding. We present the case of a congenital idiopathic aneurysm of the superior mesenteric artery in a 6-week-old infant who presented with gastrointestinal bleeding.

A novel team Familiarity Score for operating teams is a predictor of length of a procedure—A retrospective Bayesian analysis

August 7, 2019 - 00:00
The aim of our retrospective study was to assess whether a novel team Familiarity Score (FS) is associated with the length of procedure (LOP), postoperative length of stay (LOS), and complication rate after vascular procedures.

The removal of all proximal aneurysmal aortic tissue does not affect anastomotic degeneration after open juxtarenal aortic aneurysm repair

August 7, 2019 - 00:00
For the open treatment of juxtarenal aortic aneurysms (JRAAs), some argue for the removal of all proximal aneurysmal aortic tissue to prevent future degeneration, whereas others deem it unnecessary. This study sought to compare perioperative and long-term outcomes of two different approaches to treatment of JRAAs.


August 7, 2019 - 00:00
Dr Eva M. Rzucidlo (Florence, SC). The authors present their work entitled “Clinical outcome of drug-coated balloon angioplasty in patients with femoropopliteal disease: A real-world single-center experience.” The authors should be congratulated on an excellent presentation and commended on sending in their manuscript for review in a timely fashion.

Long-term durability of a physician-modified endovascular graft

August 7, 2019 - 00:00
We present a unique assessment confirming the long-term durability of a physician-modified endograft deployed as part of an Investigational Device Exemption clinical trial (NCT# 01538056). After receiving an intact postmortem aorta 7 years after the index procedure, we performed micro-computed tomography, necropsy, and metallurgical analysis on the specimen. Micro-computed tomography showed a single strut fracture not noted during previous surveillance. Necropsy revealed no graft fabric compromise, and examination of all three visceral fenestrations showed excellent alignment with no evidence of degradation.

The effect of clinical coronary disease severity on outcomes of carotid endarterectomy with and without combined coronary bypass

August 7, 2019 - 00:00
The management of patients with carotid stenosis and symptomatic coronary artery disease (CAD) is challenging. This study assessed the impact of clinical coronary disease severity on carotid endarterectomy (CEA) with and without combined coronary artery bypass (CCAB).

Bilateral low systolic toe pressure and toe-brachial index are associated with long-term mortality in patients with peripheral artery disease

August 7, 2019 - 00:00
Based on our previous reports, ipsilateral systolic toe pressure (STP) and toe-brachial index (TBI) have a strong association with midterm cardiovascular and overall mortality as well as with amputation-free survival in patients with symptomatic lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD). The effect of the often overlooked contralateral lower limb on patient outcome remains unknown. This study aimed to resolve the significance of contralateral STP (CL_STP) and contralateral TBI for long-term overall and cardiovascular mortality.

Clinical outcome of drug-coated balloon angioplasty in patients with femoropopliteal disease: A real-world single-center experience

August 7, 2019 - 00:00
Several multicenter industry-sponsored clinical trials reported satisfactory results in the use of drug-coated balloons (DCBs) for treatment of femoropopliteal occlusive disease. However, few single-center studies have been published to verify the outcome from real-world experience.

A systematic review and meta-analysis of remote ischemic preconditioning for vascular surgery

August 7, 2019 - 00:00
Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) is a method of preparing the body for a later prolonged ischemic episode to protect against subsequent detrimental effects. This study aimed to identify the effects of RIPC in vascular surgery.

Axillary-bifemoral and axillary-unifemoral artery grafts have similar perioperative outcomes and patency

August 5, 2019 - 00:00
It has been suggested that more bypass outflow targets for bypass grafts improve patency and outcomes. Our objective was to examine this in a multicenter contemporary series of axillary to femoral artery grafts.

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Feasibility of Arteriovenous Fistula Creation After Previous Radial Artery Harvesting for Aortocoronary Bypass

August 1, 2019 - 00:00
Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) formation remains the procedure of choice in patients requiring hemodialysis. The feasibility of AVF creation in the setting of prior radial artery harvesting after aortocoronary bypass remains unknown. This investigation elucidates which patients might be candidates for AVF creation despite prior radial artery harvesting.

Journal of Vascular Surgery – August 2019 Audiovisual Summary

August 1, 2019 - 00:00
Welcome to the August issue of the Journal of Vascular Surgery. We have four outstanding papers to discuss, and each is now available for the next month to read for free.