Journal of Vascular Surgery

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Journal of vascular surgery – November 2017 audiovisual summary

October 31, 2017 - 23:00
I am Peter Gloviczki from Mayo Clinic, Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Vascular Surgery. I am pleased to share with you the highlights of the very best papers we have in the November issue of the Journal of Vascular Surgery.

Events of Interest

October 31, 2017 - 23:00
News items of interest to the vascular surgeon must be received at least 8 weeks before the desired month of publication. Announcements published at no charge include those received from a sponsoring society of this Journal, those courses and conferences sponsored by state, regional, national, or international vascular surgical organizations, and university-sponsored continuing medical education courses. Send applicable events to Andrew O’Brien, Journal Manager, at a.obrien@elsevier.com. All other news items selected for publication carry a charge of $60.00 US for each insertion, and the fee must accompany the request to publish.

Information for Readers

October 31, 2017 - 23:00
Communications regarding original articles and editorial management should be addressed to Peter Gloviczki, MD, and Peter F. Lawrence, MD, Editors, Journal of Vascular Surgery, 633 N. St. Clair, 22nd Floor, Chicago, IL 60611; telephone: 603-523-2222; fax: 312-334-2320; e-mail: JVASCSURG@vascularsociety.org. Information for authors appears in the January and July issues, at www.jvascsurg.org, and at jvs.editorialmanager.com. Authors should consult this document before submitting manuscripts to this Journal.

Information for Authors

October 31, 2017 - 23:00
Complete information for authors and editorial policies are available in the January and July issues, at our Web site www.jvascsurg.org, or at our Editorial Manager Web site at jvs.editorialmanager.com. An abbreviated checklist for manuscript submission follows. Manuscripts that are accepted for publication become the property of the Journal of Vascular Surgery®, which is copyrighted by the Society for Vascular Surgery®. They may not be published or reproduced in whole or in part without the written permission of the author(s) and the Journal.

Contents

October 31, 2017 - 23:00

Editorial Board

October 31, 2017 - 23:00

Clinical Outcomes of Spinal Cord Ischemia After Fenestrated and Branched Endovascular Stent Grafting During Total Endovascular Aortic Repair for Thoracoabdominal Aortic Aneurysms

October 31, 2017 - 23:00
Initial to midterm results of fenestrated endovascular aortic repair (f-EVAR) and multibranched EVAR (t-Branch) were overall technically feasible with perioperative mortality and high rates of freedom from aneurysm-related death. The incidence of spinal cord ischemia (SCI) was significantly higher with t-Branch repairs not fully prevented by spinal cord–protective measures.

Two-Year Outcomes With the Absorb Bioresorbable Scaffold for Treatment of Coronary Artery Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Seven Randomized Trials With an Individual Patient Data Substudy

October 31, 2017 - 23:00
Drug-eluting bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVS) were associated with increased rates of composite device-oriented adverse events and device thrombosis cumulatively at 2 years and between 1 and 2 years of follow-up compared with metallic everolimus-eluting stents (EES) when used for coronary interventions.

Results of the French Multicentric Study of ANACONDA Fenestrated Endografts in the Treatment of Complex Aortic Pathologies (EFEFA Registry)

October 31, 2017 - 23:00
The fenestrated ANACONDA stent-graft system offers acceptable technical success rates, midterm efficacy, and durability with respect to aneurysm sac regression, target vessel patency, overall mortality, and reintervention rates. The rate of graft limb occlusion is of concern, especially in case of particularly complex aortic anatomies.

Bacterial Profile in Human Atherosclerotic Plaques

October 31, 2017 - 23:00
There were no major differences in bacterial DNA amount or microbial composition between carotid plaques from asymptomatic and symptomatic patients or between different plaque regions, suggesting that other factors are more important in determining plaque vulnerability.

Twenty-Year Experience With Aorto-Enteric Fistula Repair: Gastrointestinal Complications Predict Mortality

October 31, 2017 - 23:00
Approximately 50% of patients after aortoenteric fistula (AEF) repair died within 60 days with gastrointestinal complications, increasing the risk of mortality by more than three-fold and representing a surgically modifiable risk factor.

Association Between Metformin Prescription and Growth Rates of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms

October 31, 2017 - 23:00
The findings of this study suggests a potential role for metformin in limiting abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) growth.

Efficacy and Safety of Aspirin in Patients With Peripheral Vascular Disease: An Updated Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

October 31, 2017 - 23:00
Aspirin use in patients with peripheral vascular disease (PVD) might not be associated with improved cardiovascular outcomes or worse bleeding outcomes. Larger randomized trials assessing the efficacy and safety of aspirin in the contemporary era are mandatory to confirm the current findings. Guideline recommendations regarding the use of aspirin among patients with PVD need to be updated.

Aortic Wall Inflammation Predicts Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Expansion, Rupture and Need for Surgical Repair

October 31, 2017 - 23:00
Ultrasmall superparamagnetic particles of iron oxide (USPIO)-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging is a novel approach to the identification of aortic wall cellular inflammation in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms, and predicts the rate of aneurysm growth and clinical outcome. However, it does not provide an independent prediction of aneurysm expansion or clinical outcomes in a model incorporating known clinical risk factors.

TIMP3 is Regulated by Pericytes upon Shear Stress Detection Leading to a Modified Endothelial Cell Response

October 31, 2017 - 23:00
Atherosclerosis is a hallmark of cardiovascular disease. Shear stress on endothelial cells has been linked to atherogenesis and to fibrous cap thinning and rupture. Pericytes reside in the sub-endothelial space of vessels and have vasoprotective effects. They are subjected to shear stress when endothelial cell integrity is disrupted. The aim was to investigate the susceptibility and response of pericytes to shear stress.

Reconstruction of the femoro-ilio-caval outflow by percutaneous and hybrid interventions in symptomatic deep venous obstruction

October 31, 2017 - 23:00
Deep venous obstruction is relatively prevalent in patients with chronic venous disease. Endovascular treatments and hybrid interventions can be used to relieve venous outflow obstructions. This paper assesses mid-term clinical outcomes and patency rates in a large cohort after percutaneous and hybrid interventions.

Amputation Rates, Mortality, and Pre-operative Comorbidities in Patients Revascularised for Intermittent Claudication or Critical Limb Ischaemia: A Population Based Study

October 31, 2017 - 23:00
The aims of this population based study were to describe mid- to long-term amputation risk, cumulative incidence of death or amputation, and differences in pre-operative comorbidities in patients revascularised for lower limb peripheral artery disease (PAD).

Outcomes of Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair in Octogenarians: Meta-analysis and Systemic Review

October 31, 2017 - 23:00
This meta-analysis and systematic review aimed to highlight the results of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) to assess safety and effectiveness in patients older than 80 years of age compared with younger patients.

Follow-up on Small Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms Using Three Dimensional Ultrasound: Volume Versus Diameter

October 31, 2017 - 23:00
Rupture risk in abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) is assessed using AAA diameter; yet 10% of ruptures occur in a small aneurysm. This underlines the inadequacy of diameter as a standalone parameter. In this prospective follow-up study, ultrasound determined aneurysm diameter was compared with aneurysm volume determined by three dimensional ultrasound (3D-US) in a group of 179 AAAs.

The National Norwegian Carotid Study: Time from Symptom Onset to Surgery is too Long, Resulting in Additional Neurological Events

October 31, 2017 - 23:00
The objective was to observe for 1 year all patients in Norway operated on for symptomatic carotid stenosis with respect to (i) the time from the index event to surgery and neurological events during this time; (ii) the level in the healthcare system causing delay of surgical treatment; and (iii) the possible relationship between peri-operative use of platelet inhibitors and neurological events while awaiting surgery.