Journal of Vascular Surgery

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A systematic review on the quality of life and functional status after abdominal aortic aneurysm repair in elderly patients with an average age older than 75 years

December 17, 2018 - 23:00
Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) and open repair (OR) of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) are increasingly performed in elderly patients (>75 years of age) with satisfactory results. Quality of life (QOL) is increasingly considered a primary goal of intervention after AAA repair. However, there is currently no consensus on QOL after these procedures in elderly patients.

Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials on safety and efficacy of exercise training in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm

December 17, 2018 - 23:00
Low exercise capacity preoperatively leads to increased postoperative complications, perioperative mortality, length of stay, and inpatient costs among patients going through elective abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) surgery. Therefore, exercise training may be extremely important for reducing perioperative adverse events in AAA patients. This paper aimed to perform a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials to evaluate the safety of exercise training and its effects on exercise capacity in AAA patients.

Addition of proximal intervention to carotid endarterectomy increases risk of stroke and death

December 11, 2018 - 23:00
Adding ipsilateral, proximal endovascular (IPE) intervention to carotid endarterectomy (CEA) for the treatment of tandem bifurcation and supra-aortic trunk disease is controversial. Some suggest that this combined strategy (CEA + IPE) confers no risk over isolated CEA (ICEA). Others disagree, reserving CEA + IPE for symptomatic patients. Using the Vascular Quality Initiative (VQI), this study assessed the effect of adding IPE to CEA on stroke and death risk. We further weighed CEA + IPE outcomes in the context of symptomatic status and Society for Vascular Surgery guidelines.

Left ventricular hypertrophy is a possible biomarker for early mortality after type B aortic dissection

December 10, 2018 - 23:00
Data regarding the cardiac abnormalities associated with Stanford type B aortic dissection (TBAD) and whether these abnormalities are related to outcomes are limited. We describe the prevalence of cardiac abnormalities in patients with TBAD as detected by echocardiography.

The incidence of carotid in-stent stenosis is underestimated ≥50% or ≥80% and its clinical implications

December 10, 2018 - 23:00
The incidence of carotid in-stent stenosis has been reported to vary between 1% and 30%. Most published studies have short follow-up, which may lead to underestimation of the incidence of in-stent stenosis. This study analyzed the incidence of ≥50% and ≥80% in-stent stenosis using validated duplex ultrasound criteria and its clinical implications.

Survival after abdominal aortic aneurysm repair is affected by socioeconomic status

December 10, 2018 - 23:00
The association between socioeconomic status (SES) and outcome after abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair is largely unknown. This study aimed to determine the influence of SES on postoperative survival after AAA repair.

Coexisting hypogastric aneurysms worsen the outcomes of endovascular treatment by the iliac branch devices within the pELVIS Registry

December 9, 2018 - 23:00
Hypogastric aneurysms (HAs) frequently coexist with aortoiliac aneurysms (AIAs). However, the presence of an HA is a contraindication to endovascular aneurysm treatment by iliac branch devices (IBDs) because of the risk of distal sealing-related endoleaks. No robust evidence exists in the published literature, and therefore we sought to evaluate the performance of IBDs in the presence of HAs within a multicenter registry of nine vascular centers.

Common femoral artery antegrade and retrograde approaches have similar access site complications

December 3, 2018 - 23:00
Ipsilateral antegrade access (AA) is an alternative access option for contralateral retrograde access (RA) in treating infrainguinal occlusive disease. Our goal was to assess whether AA is associated with higher access site complications.

The use of video motion analysis to determine the impact of anatomic complexity on endovascular performance in carotid artery stenting

December 3, 2018 - 23:00
Video motion analysis (VMA) uses fluoroscopic sequences to derive information on catheter and guidewire movement and is able to calculate two-dimensional catheter tip path length (PL) on the basis of frame-by-frame pixel coordinates. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of anatomic complexity on the efficiency of completion of defined stages of simulated carotid artery stenting as measured by VMA.

Impact of onlay fusion and cone beam computed tomography on radiation exposure and technical assessment of fenestrated-branched endovascular aortic repair

December 3, 2018 - 23:00
The objective of this study was to analyze the impact of advanced imaging applications and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) on radiation exposure of the patient and operator and detection of technical problems during fenestrated-branched endovascular aortic repair (F-BEVAR) for treatment of pararenal aneurysms and thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAAs).

Influence of multiple stents on periprocedural stroke after carotid artery stenting in the Carotid Revascularization Endarterectomy versus Stent Trial (CREST)

December 3, 2018 - 23:00
In the Carotid Revascularization Endarterectomy versus Stent Trial (CREST), carotid artery atherosclerotic lesion length and nature of the lesions were important factors that predicted the observed difference in stroke rates between carotid endarterectomy and carotid artery stenting (CAS). Additional patient-related factors influencing CAS outcomes in CREST included age and symptomatic status. The importance of the operator's proficiency and its influence on periprocedural complications have not been well defined.