Journal of Vascular Surgery

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Preoperative hemoglobin A1c levels and increased risk of adverse limb events in diabetic patients undergoing infrainguinal lower extremity bypass surgery in the Vascular Quality Initiative

March 5, 2019 - 23:00
The impact of preoperative glycemic control on the risk of adverse perioperative outcomes in diabetic patients undergoing lower extremity bypass (LEB) surgery is not well-understood. We determined whether higher preoperative hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels are associated with an increased risk of major adverse limb events, major adverse cardiovascular events, and mortality in diabetic patients undergoing infrainguinal LEB.

Sarcopenia predicts mortality and adverse outcomes after endovascular aneurysm repair and can be used to risk stratify patients

March 5, 2019 - 23:00
Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is currently the most common treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms. Potential predictors of long-term survival after EVAR include physiologic, functional, and cognitive status, but assessments of these conditions have been difficult to standardize. Objective radiographic findings, such as skeletal muscle atrophy, or sarcopenia, may provide an additional means for selection of patients. This study investigates sarcopenia as a method to predict 1-year survival in patients undergoing EVAR.

Physical therapy management, surgical treatment, and patient-reported outcomes measures in a prospective observational cohort of patients with neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome

March 5, 2019 - 23:00
To assess the results of physical therapy management and surgical treatment in a prospective observational cohort of patients with neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (NTOS) using patient-reported outcomes measures.

Preoperative risk score for access site failure in ultrasound-guided percutaneous aortic procedures

March 5, 2019 - 23:00
The factors associated with access site failure after ultrasound-guided percutaneous access for aortic endograft procedures remain poorly characterized. We developed a prediction model to risk stratify patients for access site failure.

Limitations of Vascular Quality Initiative-derived models to predict the outcomes of intervention for infrapopliteal limb-threatening ischemia

March 5, 2019 - 23:00
The purpose of this study was to validate published Society for Vascular Surgery Vascular Quality Initiative (VQI) prediction models for patients with limb-threatening ischemia (LTI) undergoing open or endovascular revascularization for infrapopliteal occlusive disease.

Coil embolization of intercostal arteries accessed by surgical exposure for type II endoleak after thoracic endovascular aortic repair

March 5, 2019 - 23:00
Many patients with type II endoleak after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) are closely observed without secondary intervention. Herein, we report a new technique of coil embolization for type II endoleak from intercostal arteries after TEVAR for ruptured acute type B aortic dissection. A hybrid procedure of exposing intercostal arteries via subcostal incision in the prone position and transcatheter technique enables embolization of intercostal arteries at their origin from the aorta. This technique could avoid lung injury and be applicable in multiple intercostal arteries.

Increasing surgeon volume correlates with patient survival following open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair

March 5, 2019 - 23:00
The annual number of open abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repairs has decreased dramatically over the last decade, making the search for physician case volume thresholds more important. The purpose of this study was to identify a minimum threshold for annual surgeon case volume in open AAA repair.

Contemporary (2009-2014) clinical outcomes after femoropopliteal bypass surgery for chronic limb threatening ischemia are inferior to those reported in the UK Bypass versus Angioplasty for Severe Ischaemia of the Leg (BASIL) trial (1999-2004)

March 5, 2019 - 23:00
Bypass surgery (BS) remains the gold standard revascularization strategy in patients with chronic limb-threatening ischemia (CLTI) owing to infrainguinal disease. The Bypass versus Angioplasty for Severe Ischaemia of the Leg (BASIL)-1 trial showed that, in patients with CLTI who survived for 2 years or more, BS resulted in better clinical outcomes. Despite this finding, there has been an increasing trend toward an endovascular-first approach to infrainguinal CLTI. Our aim was to investigate whether changes in practice have impacted the clinical outcomes of BS in our unit 10 years after BASIL-1.

Spot stenting versus full coverage stenting after endovascular therapy for femoropopliteal artery lesions

March 4, 2019 - 23:00
Although spot stenting (SS) for femoropopliteal (FP) lesions has been preferred compared with full coverage stenting (FCS), which stenting strategy results in better outcomes has remained unclear in the real-world clinical setting. Therefore, we compared the clinical outcomes of SS and FCS for FP lesions using a propensity-matched analysis.

Washington State abdominal aortic aneurysm-related mortality shows a steady decline between 1996 and 2016

March 4, 2019 - 23:00
Management of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) has undergone considerable advances over the last two decades. Our aim was to evaluate AAA-related mortality trends in Washington State over a 21-year period and to assess variation in AAA-related mortality by sex, race, and county over the same time period. We hypothesized that a significant decrease in AAA-related mortality in Washington State would be noted.

Open repair versus endovascular treatment of complex aortoiliac lesions in low risk patients

March 4, 2019 - 23:00
The aim of the present study was to compare open surgical repair (OSR) versus endovascular repair (ER) using self-expanding covered stents for complex TransAtlantic Inter-Society Consensus II (TASC) class C or D aortoiliac lesions in low-risk patients, with a specific subanalysis for younger patients.

Secondary interventions in patients with implantable cardiac devices and ipsilateral arteriovenous access

March 4, 2019 - 23:00
The number of patients with end-stage renal disease who require implantable cardiac devices is increasing. Rates of secondary interventions or fistula failure are not well studied in patients who have arteriovenous fistula (AVF) access placed on the ipsilateral side as a pacemaker. This study aimed to compare central vein–related interventions and failure rates of arteriovenous access in patients with pacemakers placed on the ipsilateral vs contralateral side.

Contribution of 30-day readmissions to the increasing costs of care for the diabetic foot

March 4, 2019 - 23:00
The inpatient cost of care for diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) has been estimated to be $1.4 billion annually in the United States. We have previously demonstrated that the risk of 30-day unplanned readmission for patients with DFU is nearly 22%. Our aim was to quantify the cost of readmissions for patients admitted with DFU.

The effect of combining coronary bypass with carotid endarterectomy in patients with unrevascularized severe coronary disease

March 4, 2019 - 23:00
Management of significant carotid stenosis in those with symptomatic coronary disease remains controversial. Staged and combined carotid endarterectomy (CEA) with coronary artery bypass grafting has been described. Yet, an understanding of the additive risks of these approaches is poor. This study sought to assess outcomes in patients with clinically relevant coronary disease undergoing either isolated CEA (ICEA) or combined CEA and coronary artery bypass (concurrent coronary artery bypass [CCAB]).

Quantitative assessment of carotid plaque morphology (geometry and tissue composition) using computed tomography angiography

March 4, 2019 - 23:00
Quantification of carotid plaque morphology (geometry and tissue composition) may help stratify risk for future stroke and assess plaque progression or regression in response to medical risk factor modification. We assessed the feasibility and reliability of morphologic measurements of carotid plaques using computed tomography angiography (CTA) and determined the minimum detectable change in plaque features by this approach.

Risk factors and outcomes for bowel ischemia after open and endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair

March 4, 2019 - 23:00
Bowel ischemia (BI) is a serious complication after abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair. We sought to identify the incidence and risk factors associated with the development of postoperative BI and the post-BI outcomes for patients undergoing open aortic repair (OAR) and endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) of AAAs.

Mas receptor deficiency augments angiotensin II-induced atherosclerosis and aortic aneurysm ruptures in hypercholesterolemic male mice

March 4, 2019 - 23:00
Previous studies demonstrated that deficiency of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) augmented angiotensin II (AngII)-induced atherosclerosis and abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) formation in hypercholesterolemic mice. Effects of ACE2 deficiency could arise from increased concentrations of its substrate, AngII, or decreased concentrations of its product, angiotensin-(1-7) [Ang-(1-7)]. Infusion of Ang-(1-7), a Mas receptor (MasR) ligand, to hypercholesterolemic male mice reduced AngII-induced atherosclerosis, suggesting a protective role of the Ang-(1-7)/MasR axis.

Fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair and open surgical repair for the treatment of juxtarenal aortic aneurysms

March 4, 2019 - 23:00
The objective of this study was to compare surgical risk and early and late mortality of patients treated for anatomically classified juxtarenal aortic aneurysms (JRAs) by fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair (F-EVAR) or open surgical repair (OSR) during a period when the two treatments were available and to validate an institutional algorithm for JRA repair.

False lumen embolization in chronic aortic dissection promotes thoracic aortic remodeling at midterm follow-up

March 4, 2019 - 23:00
Failure of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) in chronic aortic dissections can be partially explained by retrograde false lumen (FL) flow through distal re-entry tears. After implantation of a thoracic stent graft, FL thrombosis occurs in less than 50% of the cases. The objectives of this study were to describe the feasibility and outcomes of FL embolization in patients with chronic aortic dissections.

Endosuture aneurysm repair in patients treated with Endurant II/IIs in conjunction with Heli-FX EndoAnchor implants for short-neck abdominal aortic aneurysm

March 4, 2019 - 23:00
Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) remains a challenging clinical scenario when there is a short or nonexistent segment of healthy infrarenal aorta. This study sought to determine the safety and effectiveness of endosuture aneurysm repair (ESAR) using the Endurant II/IIs endograft (Medtronic Vascular, Santa Rosa, Calif) in conjunction with Heli-FX EndoAnchors (Medtronic Vascular) in the treatment of short-neck AAA.