Journal of Vascular Surgery

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Analysis of the ROADSTER pivotal and extended-access cohorts shows excellent 1-year durability of transcarotid stenting with dynamic flow reversal

January 1, 2019 - 23:00
We report the 1-year outcomes of the Safety and Efficacy Study for Reverse Flow Used During Carotid Artery Stenting Procedure (ROADSTER) multicenter trial. This trial introduced a novel transcarotid neuroprotection system (NPS), the ENROUTE transcarotid NPS (Silk Road Medical Inc, Sunnyvale, Calif). Postoperative results demonstrated that the use of the ENROUTE transcarotid NPS is safe and effective. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety of transcarotid artery revascularization (TCAR) and to present the 1-year outcomes.

Endovascular treatment of TransAtlantic Inter-Society Consensus II D femoropopliteal lesions in patients with critical limb ischemia

January 1, 2019 - 23:00
The outcomes of endovascular treatment of femoropopliteal atherosclerotic lesions have been improving recently. Although open repair is indicated for class D femoropopliteal lesions based on the TransAtlantic Inter-Society Consensus II (TASC II) document, in some cases, it is reasonable to use the endovascular approach for these lesions. The aim of this study was to retrospectively analyze the technical aspects and outcomes of treating TASC II D femoropopliteal disease with endovascular approaches.

A systematic review of infected descending thoracic aortic grafts and endografts

December 31, 2018 - 23:00
The objective of this study was to collect and critically analyze the current evidence on the modalities and results of treatment of descending thoracic aortic surgical graft (SG) and endograft (EG) infection, which represents a rare but dramatic complication after both surgical and endovascular aortic repair.

African Americans are less likely to have elective endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms

December 31, 2018 - 23:00
Recently published Society for Vascular Surgery guidelines recommend endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for both elective and emergent treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm in patients with suitable anatomy. Racial disparities in health care are well known. The aim of this study was to stratify the patients undergoing EVAR on the basis of their racial differences and to determine the differences in preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative variables among patients of different races.

Quantifying the costs and profitability of care for diabetic foot ulcers treated in a multidisciplinary setting

December 31, 2018 - 23:00
Increasing Wound, Ischemia, and foot Infection (WIfI) stage has previously been shown to be associated with prolonged wound healing time, higher number of surgical procedures, and increased cost of care in patients with diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) treated in a multidisciplinary setting. However, the profitability of this care model is unknown. We aimed to quantify the hospital costs and net margins associated with multidisciplinary DFU care.

A systematic review of the impact of preoperative exercise for patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms

December 31, 2018 - 23:00
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) surgery carries significant risk of morbidity and mortality. Preoperative exercise may improve the physical fitness capacity of patients with AAA, as well as postoperative outcomes.

Durability of open surgical repair of type IV thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm

December 31, 2018 - 23:00
Perioperative outcomes and late mortality after open type IV thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) repair are known, yet risk of late graft and subsequent aortic events is infrequently described. Such data are increasingly important as endovascular repair becomes an option and are the subject of this study.

Journal of Vascular Surgery – January 2019 Audiovisual Summary

December 31, 2018 - 23:00
Hi, I am Peter Gloviczki from Mayo Clinic, Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Vascular Surgery. On behalf of the editors and staff of the JVS Publications, let me wish you first a happy and healthy new year of 2019. I am pleased to introduce the best papers of the January issue of the Journal of Vascular Surgery.

Events of interest

December 31, 2018 - 23:00
News items of interest to the vascular surgeon must be received at least 8 weeks before the desired month of publication. Announcements published at no charge include those received from a sponsoring society of this Journal, those courses and conferences sponsored by state, regional, national, or international vascular surgical organizations, and university-sponsored continuing medical education courses. Send applicable events to Andrew O’Brien, Journal Manager, at a.obrien@elsevier.com. All other news items selected for publication carry a charge of $60.00 US for each insertion, and the fee must accompany the request to publish.

Information for readers

December 31, 2018 - 23:00
Communications regarding original articles and editorial management should be addressed to Peter Gloviczki, MD, and Peter F. Lawrence, MD, Editors, Journal of Vascular Surgery, 633 N. St. Clair, 22nd Floor, Chicago, IL 60611; telephone: 603-523-2222; fax: 312-334-2320; e-mail: JVASCSURG@vascularsociety.org. Information for authors appears in the January and July issues, at www.jvascsurg.org, and at jvs.editorialmanager.com. Authors should consult this document before submitting manuscripts to this Journal.

Contents

December 31, 2018 - 23:00

Editorial Board

December 31, 2018 - 23:00

Reporting sex as a biologic variable in research published in the Journal of Vascular Surgery Publications

December 31, 2018 - 23:00
Recent studies have shown that most basic science and translational research is conducted on male animals and male cells, even when studying diseases more prevalent in women.1 Clinical research studies also frequently lack sex-based reporting and sex-based analysis of outcomes.2,3 The National Institutes of Health (NIH) now requires that sex be considered as a variable in all NIH-funded research.4 Given these developments, the Surgery Journals Editors Group published a statement that addresses the importance of conducting sex-inclusive biomedical and clinical research to improve health outcomes of men and women.

Post-operative Infection of Prosthetic Materials or Stents Involving the Supra-aortic Trunks: A Comprehensive Review

December 31, 2018 - 23:00
The aim of this paper was to provide recommendations for diagnosis and management in the setting of infection following open or endovascular reconstructions of the supra-aortic trunks.

Validation of a Gravitational Model to Study Local Endogenous Biomarkers in Chronic Venous Insufficiency

December 31, 2018 - 23:00
Unlike most systemic chronic diseases, chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is ideal to study using endogenous biomarkers. The stimulus causing damage can be turned on and off with gravitational positioning and venous blood samples can be taken locally. Annexin V (apoptosis) and microparticles (cell membrane debris) were used as markers of cell destruction, with matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) as markers of tissue remodelling. The aim of this proof of concept study was to validate a gravitational model by investigating whether standing induced biochemical stress and whether recovery occurs on lying and after compression.

Direct vs. Indirect Angiosomal Revascularisation of Infrapopliteal Arteries, an Updated Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

December 31, 2018 - 23:00
The importance of the angiosome concept in tibial artery revascularisation remains controversial. The aim of this review was to assess the outcomes of direct revascularisation (revascularisation to the angiosome of tissue loss; DR) versus indirect revascularisation (IR) in infrapopliteal arteries.

Plasma Cystatin B Association With Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms and Need for Later Surgical Repair: A Sub-study of the VIVA Trial

December 31, 2018 - 23:00
The development of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) involves extensive extracellular matrix remodelling, leading to aortic wall weakening. This process is mediated by proteases, including cysteinyl cathepsins. Cystatins are their endogenous inhibitors. This study tested whether plasma cystatin B levels in patients with AAA differed from those of healthy controls.

Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Outcome of Treatment for Type II Endoleak Following Endovascular Aneurysm Repair

December 31, 2018 - 23:00
The efficacy and need for secondary interventions for type II endoleaks following endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) remain controversial. This systematic review aimed at investigating the clinical outcomes of different type II endoleak treatments in patients with a persistent type II endoleak after EVAR.

Safety of Early Carotid Artery Stenting for Symptomatic Stenosis in Daily Practice

December 31, 2018 - 23:00
In 2006, the American Heart Association recommended that for preference carotid endarterectomy (CEA) or, alternatively, carotid angioplasty and stenting (CAS) for symptomatic carotid artery stenosis should ideally occur within 14 days of an ischaemic event. The aim was to determine the safety of CAS according to those recommendations in daily practice.

Increased mortality in octogenarians treated for lifestyle limiting claudication

December 31, 2018 - 23:00
Review of the Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 2003 to 2012.