Journal of Vascular Surgery

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September 1, 2017 - 00:00

Journal of Vascular Surgery – September 2017 Audiovisual Summary

September 1, 2017 - 00:00
Welcome to the September issue of the Journal of Vascular Surgery. We have selected four papers that highlight the September issue and each is available for free for the month.

Events of interest

September 1, 2017 - 00:00
News items of interest to the vascular surgeon must be received at least 8 weeks before the desired month of publication. Announcements published at no charge include those received from a sponsoring society of this Journal, those courses and conferences sponsored by state, regional, national, or international vascular surgical organizations, and university-sponsored continuing medical education courses. Send applicable events to Andrew O’Brien, Journal Manager, at a.obrien@elsevier.com. All other news items selected for publication carry a charge of $60.00 US for each insertion, and the fee must accompany the request to publish.

Information for readers

September 1, 2017 - 00:00
Communications regarding original articles and editorial management should be addressed to Peter Gloviczki, MD, and Peter F. Lawrence, MD, Editors, Journal of Vascular Surgery, 633 N. St. Clair, 22nd Floor, Chicago, IL 60611; telephone: 603-523-2222; fax: 312-334-2320; e-mail: JVASCSURG@vascularsociety.org. Information for authors appears in the January and July issues, at www.jvascsurg.org, and at jvs.editorialmanager.com. Authors should consult this document before submitting manuscripts to this Journal.

Information for authors

September 1, 2017 - 00:00
Complete information for authors and editorial policies are available in the January and July issues, at our Web site www.jvascsurg.org, or at our Editorial Manager Web site at jvs.editorialmanager.com. An abbreviated checklist for manuscript submission follows. Manuscripts that are accepted for publication become the property of the Journal of Vascular Surgery®, which is copyrighted by the Society for Vascular Surgery®. They may not be published or reproduced in whole or in part without the written permission of the author(s) and the Journal.

Contents

September 1, 2017 - 00:00

Editorial Board

September 1, 2017 - 00:00

A Simulator for Training in Endovascular Aneurysm Repair: The Use of Three Dimensional Printers

September 1, 2017 - 00:00
To develop an endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) simulation system using three dimensional (3D) printed aneurysms, and to evaluate the impact of patient specific training prior to EVAR on the surgical performance of vascular surgery residents in a university hospital in Brazil.

Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Association Between C-Reactive Protein and Major Cardiovascular Events in Patients with Peripheral Artery Disease

September 1, 2017 - 00:00
Patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) are at substantial risk of cardiovascular events. There is interest in using blood markers, such as C-reactive protein (CRP), to monitor prognosis and treatment efficacy in PAD patients. The aim of this meta-analysis was to assess the association between CRP and major cardiovascular events in PAD patients.

Comparison of Long-term Outcomes of Heparin Bonded Polytetrafluoroethylene and Autologous Vein Below Knee Femoropopliteal Bypasses in Patients with Critical Limb Ischaemia

September 1, 2017 - 00:00
Endovascular first is the preferred therapy approach to critical limb ischaemia (CLI). However, in spite of new endovascular techniques, bypass surgery still plays an important role, especially in patients with complex anatomy in whom endovascular therapy is not considered feasible, or has failed. The goal of this study was to analyse the outcomes of prosthetic or autologous vein for femoropopliteal (P3) bypasses performed under the abovementioned conditions.

Outcomes of Self Expanding PTFE Covered Stent Versus Bare Metal Stent for Chronic Iliac Artery Occlusion in Matched Cohorts Using Propensity Score Modelling

September 1, 2017 - 00:00
The aim was to compare outcomes of self expanding PTFE covered stents (CSs) with bare metal stents (BMSs) in the treatment of iliac artery occlusions (IAOs).

Prolonged ICU Length of Stay after AAA Repair: Analysis of Time Trends and Long-term Outcome

September 1, 2017 - 00:00
The aim of the study was to investigate the frequency and outcome of prolonged intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay (LOS) after abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair in the endovascular era.

Pre-operative Carotid Plaque Echolucency Assessment has no Predictive Value for Long-Term Risk of Stroke or Cardiovascular Death in Patients Undergoing Carotid Endarterectomy

September 1, 2017 - 00:00
In patients with carotid stenosis receiving medical treatment, carotid plaque echolucency has been thought to predict risk of future stroke and of other cardiovascular events. This study evaluated the prognostic value of pre-operative plaque echolucency for future stroke and cardiovascular death in patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy in the first Asymptomatic Carotid Surgery Trial (ACST-1).

Prevalence of Tibial Artery and Pedal Arch Patency by Angiography in Patients With Critical Limb Ischemia and Noncompressible Ankle Brachial Index

September 1, 2017 - 00:00
Among patients with critical limb ischemia and noncompressible ankle brachial index results, the prevalence of occlusive tibial and pedal arch disease is very high. Toe brachial index <0.7 is more sensitive in diagnosing occluded and significantly stenotic tibial artery disease in these patients compared with ankle pulse volume recording.

Dihydromyricetin Ameliorates Atherosclerosis in LDL Receptor Deficient Mice

September 1, 2017 - 00:00
The findings of this basic science rodent study suggest that dihydromyricetin could reduce atherosclerosis via its pleiotropic effects, including improvement of endothelial dysfunction, inhibition of macrophage foam cell formation, amelioration of lipid profiles, anti-inflammatory action and antioxidative effect.

Provider-Induced Demand in the Treatment of Carotid Artery Stenosis

September 1, 2017 - 00:00
Individuals treated in a fee-for-service system were significantly more likely to undergo procedural management for carotid stenosis compared with those in the salary-based setting. These findings remained consistent for individuals with and without symptomatic disease.

The Clinical Efficacy of Balloon-Assisted Maturation of Autogenous Arteriovenous Fistulae

September 1, 2017 - 00:00
This retrospective study suggests that balloon-assisted maturation (BAM) of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) does not decrease maturation times and warrants further scrutiny before adoption more widely.

Early Endarterectomy Carries a Lower Procedural Risk Than Early Stenting in Patients With Symptomatic Stenosis of the Internal Carotid Artery

September 1, 2017 - 00:00
In randomized trials comparing carotid artery stenting (CAS) with carotid endarterectomy (CEA) for symptomatic carotid artery stenosis, CAS was associated with a substantially higher periprocedural risk during the first 7 days after the onset of symptoms. Early surgery is safer than stenting for preventing future stroke.

Impact of Integrated Programs on General Surgery Operative Volume

September 1, 2017 - 00:00
Multiple integrated programs can coexist with a general surgery program through careful collaboration and thoughtful consideration to longitudinal needs of individual trainees. As additional programs continue to be created, both integrated and categorical program directors must continue to collaborate to insure the integrity of training for all residents.

Prognostic Value of Flow-Mediated Vasodilation in Brachial Artery and Fingertip Artery for Cardiovascular Events: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

September 1, 2017 - 00:00
Noninvasive peripheral endothelial function tests, flow-mediated dilation (FMD), and reactive hyperemia-peripheral arterial tonometry (RH-PAT) significantly predicted cardiovascular events with similar prognostic magnitude. Further research is required to determine whether the prognostic values of these two methods are independent of each other and whether an endothelial function-guided strategy can provide benefit in improving cardiovascular outcomes.